Mechanisms of intestinal secretion

Cover of: Mechanisms of intestinal secretion |

Published by A. R. Liss in New York .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Intestines -- Secretions -- Congresses.,
  • Intestinal secretions -- Physiology -- Congresses.,
  • Intestinal secretions -- Physiology -- Congresses.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementeditor, Henry J. Binder.
SeriesKroc Foundation series ; v. 12, Kroc Foundation series ;, v. 12.
ContributionsBinder, Henry J., Kroc Foundation.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQP156 .M38
The Physical Object
Paginationxiii, 299 p. :
Number of Pages299
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4401091M
ISBN 100845103024
LC Control Number79002066

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The foreword to this series of papers presented at a con- ference in October states that it is the “only full- length book devoted exclusively to a detailed examination of the mechanisms of intestinal secretion.”. The Mechanism of Intestinal Mucous Secretion With Marian R.

Neutra Intestinal mucins form a viscous, hydrated blanket on the surface of the intestinal mucosa that presumably protects the delicate columnar epithelium by excluding and entrapping foreign particles, microorganisms, and by: 1.

Mechanisms of Gastrointestinal Motility and Secretion Mechanisms of Gastrointestinal Motility and Secretion. Editors: Bennett, A. (Ed.) Free Preview. Buy this book eBook 71 Intestinal Absorption and Secretion of Fluid and Electrolytes. Pages Binder, Henry J.

Genre/Form: Congress Congresses Conference papers and proceedings: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Mechanisms of intestinal secretion. New York: A.R. Liss, © length book devoted exclusively to a detailed examination of the mechanisms of intestinal secretion.” That statement seems correct.

Moreover, the book is well edited, easy to read, and makes good use of line drawings to display pos- tulated mechanisms of ion transport. Although the first. Full text Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (K), or click on a page image below Mechanisms of intestinal secretion book browse page by by: 2.

Mechanisms of Gastrointestinal Motility and Secretion. Editors (view affiliations) Alan Bennett; Giampaolo Velo; Book. Search within book. Front Matter. Intestinal Absorption and Secretion of Fluid and Electrolytes.

Henry J. Binder. Pages The secretions consist of digestive enzymes, mucous and substantial amounts of fluid and ions. Brunners Glands (duodenum) Small Intestine. Large Intestine. #N#Types of glands.

Several different types of gland are found in the GI Tract: Single cell mucous glands and goblet cells. Pit glands. Invaginations of the epithelia into the submucosa. Secretion and Absorption of Water and Electrolytes. Intestinal secretion, a function of villus crypt cells, is believed to occur by passive flux of water osmotically following active transcellular chloride secretion into the intestinal lumen.

Bacterial toxins can cause hypersecretion. - mechanical - chemical. Mechanical methods: mastication (chewing) - swallowing (deglutition) - movements of the GIT (motor functions) Chemical means (secretions): saliva - gastric juice - pancreatic juice - intestinal juice - bile.

PHYSIOLOGY OF MOUTH Functions: 1/ Mechanical and chemical digestion of the food. Purchase Nutrition, Digestion, Metabolism - 1st Edition.

Print Book & E-Book. ISBNBook Edition: 1. This is a PDF-only article. The first page of the PDF of this article appears : L A Turnberg.

Physiology of the Gastrointestinal Tract, Fifth Edition — winner of a Highly Commended BMA Medical Book Award for Internal Medicine — covers the study of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of the GI Tract while linking the clinical disease or disorder, bridging the gap between clinical and laboratory medicine.

The gastrointestinal system is responsible for the. However, mechanisms of absorption of phosphate will not be included here and will be presented in another chapter of this book.

Since, the general mechanisms of intestinal electrolyte transport and the physiology of their integration are being addressed elsewhere in the book, the focus of the current chapter is, therefore, more on recent. Hua Xu, Fayez K.

Ghishan, in Physiology of the Gastrointestinal Tract (Sixth Edition), Ontogeny of Secretory Function. Gastrointestinal secretion occurs throughout the gut from the salivary glands, the stomach, the pancreas, the small intestine, to the colon.

Each segment has specialized secretory functions. In the stomach, acid secretion acidifies the gastric lumen and creates an. K+ is absorbed or secreted mainly by passive mechanisms; the rectum and perhaps the sigmoid colon have the capacity to actively secrete K+, but the quantitative and physiological significance of this active secretion is uncertain.

Hyperaldosteronism increases fecal K+ excretion by about 3 mEq/day in people with otherwise normal intestinal by:   Mechanism Secretion in Small and Large Intestine The small intestine secrets a watery mucus solution and hormones that control gastro intestinal. Mucosal airway pH in disease.

As early as the s, nasal secretions were sampled and their pH determined using indicator dyes. In one early study, nasal secretions were found to be acidic during acute inflammation [], while pH alkalinized over the course of the common cold to pH to [].This resulted in the proposition that the nasal pH could be used as an indicator for airway disease [].Cited by: Basic mechanisms controlling gastric acid secretion.

Somatostatin secreted from gastric D cells modulates the gastrin-enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cell–parietal cell axis. Gastrin, secreted from G cells, stimulates the release of histamine from ECL cells, which is. Enteric bacterial toxins: mechanisms of action and linkage to intestinal secretion.

C L Sears and J B Kaper Division of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins University School of Cited by: H.R. de Jonge and S.M. Lohmann, Mechanisms by which cyclic nucleotides and other intracellular mediators regulate secretion.

Ciba Found. Svmp. Google ScholarCited by: 1. The intestinal tract is designed primarily to permit assimilation of nutrients. Because chemical reactions are required to digest nutrients into components that can be absorbed across the intestinal epithelium, a fluid environment is needed to support these.

COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

Molecular mechanisms for intestinal HCO 3 − secretion and its regulation by guanylin in seawater-acclimated eels Yoshio Takei*, Marty K.

Wong and Masaaki Ando ABSTRACT The intestine of marine teleosts secretes HCO 3 − into the lumen and precipitates Ca2+ Author: Yoshio Takei, Marty K. Wong, Masaaki Ando. Regulation mechanisms of intestinal secretion: Implications in nutrient absorption Article in The Journal of nutritional biochemistry 13(4) May with 90 Reads How we measure 'reads'.

NATO Advanced Study Institute on Mechanisms of Gastrointestinal Motility and Secretion ( Erice, Italy). Mechanisms of gastrointestinal motility and secretion. New York: Plenum Press, © (OCoLC) Material Type: Conference publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors /. Acid-related disorders represent a major healthcare concern.

In recent years, our understanding of the physiologic processes underlying gastric acid secretion has improved notably.

The identity of several apical ion transport proteins, which are necessary for acid secretion to take place, has been resolved. The recent developments have uncovered potential therapeutic targets for the Cited by: The prevalence of kidney stones has increased globally in recent decades.

Nephrolithiasis has become more recognized as a systemic disorder and is known to be associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS). 1 Calcium oxalate (CaOx) stones are the most prevalent type of kidney stone disease in the United States and globally and have been shown to occur in 70% to 80% of the kidney stone Cited by: 2.

Secretory mechanisms of the gastro-intestinal tract. London: Arnold, (OCoLC) Online version: Gregory, R.A. (Roderic Alfred). Secretory mechanisms of the gastro-intestinal tract. London: Arnold, (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: R A Gregory.

Gain a foundational understanding of gastrointestinal physiology and how the GI system functions in health and intestinal Physiology, a volume in the Mosby Physiology Series, explains the fundamentals of this complex subject in a clear and concise manner, while helping you bridge the gap between normal function and disease with pathophysiology content throughout the book.4/5(1).

Compare and contrast the location and gross anatomy of the small and large intestines. Identify three main adaptations of the small intestine wall that increase its absorptive capacity.

Describe the mechanical and chemical digestion of chyme upon its release into the small intestine. List three features unique to the wall of the large intestine.

Many of the inhibitory stimuli originate in the early small intestine (i.e. duodenum and jejunum) and act to inhibit secretion of stomach acid.

They include both neural mechanisms as well as hormonal factors which are initiated by the presence of nutrients and acid-mediated irritation of the duodenal and jejunal small intestine mucosa.

Objective: Intestinal obstruction is a blockage of the intestinal content through bowel. The block must be complete and permanent. Obstruction may be mechanical, simple or strangulated, and : Vincenzo Neri. However, as a necessary concomitant of this function, the intestine also serves as a site of fluid and salt absorption and secretion (Barrett and Dharmsathaphorn ).

In addition to the approximate volume of 11 provided by daily oral intake, the intestine and the organs that drain into it provide about 81 by: 6. -Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide (VIP): secretion of intestinal glands & dilates the capilaires & acid production in stomach Describe the gross and histological structure of the large intestine, including its regional specializations and role in nutrient absorption.

This was paralleled by net fluid secretion in the obstructed intestine. The importance of inflammation for the mechanisms of fluid losses was illustrated by the actions of the anti‐inflammatory agents, hydrocortisone and indomethacin, which reversed secretion into net fluid : P. Nellgård.

List the primary two mechanisms that control the motility and secretion of the digestive system. Cephalic phase List the two secretions that stimulate HCl release from parietal cells. protects the wall of the large intestine from mechanical damage and from damage by bacterial acid.

Trigger mechanisms of intestinal secretion A. Tambovtsev 1 Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine vol pages – () Cite this articleAuthor: A. Tambovtsev. other hormones or reflex mechanisms (or both) involved in Intestinal Phase are acting to hasten (quicken) digestion in the Stomach before stomach emptying is completed Presence of food in the Small Intestine stimulates.

Pure gastric juice, as it is secreted by the fundus of the stomach, is an exceedingly corrosive liquid and has the capacity to digest away the normal mucous membrane of the stomach, duodenum, or small intestines and produce a defect indistinguishable from the chronic progressive peptic ulcers seen in patients.

1 The mucous membrane is exposed to such pure gastric juice, either when Cited by:. In histology, an intestinal gland (also crypt of Lieberkühn and intestinal crypt) is a gland found in between villi in the intestinal epithelium lining of the small intestine and large intestine (or colon).

The glands and intestinal villi are covered by epithelium, which contains multiple types of cells: enterocytes (absorbing water and electrolytes), goblet cells (secreting mucus FMA: The stomach is divided into four sections, each of which has different cells and functions.

The sections are: 1) Cardiac region, where the contents of the esophagus empty into the stomach, 2) Fundus, formed by the upper curvature of the organ, 3) Body, the main central region, and 4) Pylorus or atrium, the lower section of the organ that facilitates emptying the contents into the small intestine.Secretions of the small intestine occur from two types of histological structures: Brunners Glands and Crypts of Lieberkuhn.

Brunners Glands mostly secrete mucus which is designed to protect the small intestine mucosa from damage by stomach acid. Secretion from Lieberkuhn's Crypts takes place from two different cellular subtypes.

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